Arnhemeland

Published July 08, 2017

Arnhemeland

Arnhemeland is the greatest cultural attraction. Surveying about seven thousand caves on the western slope of the Arnhemland Plateau alone, archaeologists have discovered many rock carvings here. Using the radiocarbon method, it was possible to establish that they were made by Australian aborigines about 25 thousand years ago...

Qumran scrolls

Published July 08, 2017

Qumran scrolls

In the spring of 1947, an unusual find was made in the area of the Dead Sea, near the hill of Khirbet-Qumran. Two Bedouin boys found three leather scrolls wrapped in old linen cloth. The inner side of the Qumran scrolls was covered with letters. So the first mysterious Qumran scrolls of Old Testament texts were born, which two years later was destined to become a real world sensation...

Lagash

Published July 08, 2017

Lagash

Lower Mesopotamia is a country of Sumerians. By the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC here there were several city-states - Lagash, Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Larsa, Nippur. They were located on natural hills and were surrounded by walls. In each of them lived about 40 - 50 thousand people. The rulers of these cities wore the title of lugal ("great man") or ensi ("priest-lord")...

Tell Khalaf

Published July 08, 2017

Tell Khalaf

Tell-Halaf - the so-called hill, where mysterious sculptures were found. Today, this name can be found in any scientific work devoted to the archeology of the Middle East. And then, a hundred years ago, in 1899, discoverer of Tell Khalaf Baron Oppenheim remembered only that the name of Tell Khalaf, as well as the river Havor (Havur), is mentioned in the Bible...

Urartu

Published July 08, 2017

Urartu

The country named Urartu is first mentioned in documents relating to the era of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal the Second (13th century BC). Urartu was established on the Armenian plateau in the middle of the 9th century BC. Another state association of Urartian tribes formed to the south-west of Lake Urmia and was called Mutsatsir...

Chatal-Hyuk

Published July 08, 2017

Chatal-Hyuk

In science, for a long time, the conviction was dominated that the most ancient civilization on earth was Sumerian. And what was the astonishment of the scientific world, when it turned out that it was Chatal-Hyuk in Anatolia that was the first hearth of human civilization! This sensational discovery is connected with the name of the English archaeologist Professor James Mellart...

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