Arnhemeland

Arnhemeland is the greatest cultural attraction. Surveying about seven thousand caves on the western slope of the Arnhemland Plateau alone, archaeologists have discovered many rock carvings here. Using the radiocarbon method, it was possible to establish that they were made by Australian aborigines about 25 thousand years ago.

Arnhemeland is the greatest cultural attraction

The extensive Arnhemland Highlands are located in the north of Australia. Arnemeland is a majestic rock massif with a height of 30 to 300 m, with many ledges, waterfalls, eaves and caves stretching for 500 km in length. Since Arnhemland on the western slope, except perhaps the top, is devoid of soil, there is no vegetation in these places. Arnhemland's drawings have a strict real meaning and meaning. Often, the meaning of the images and the logic of the scenes of the rock paintings of Arnhem land are connected with the mythology and religious representations of the Australians. The oldest are the one-color red stylized figures of people depicted in active movement. They resemble (sometimes until complete coincidence!) paleolithic rock paintings from Spain and some South African murals.

Judging by the concomitant archaeological material, Arnhemeland has a direct relation to the so-called pere culture, whose age is defined in 3-12 thousand years. These drawings are related to monochrome, filamentary images of the so-called "mimi" - the spirits living in the rocks. In depicted animals, especially fish and kangaroos, but also in human figures, apart from the parts of the skeleton and the innards, differences in the character of "meat" are often transmitted within different parts of the body.

Currently, there are 10 native settlements on the Arnhemland Plateau. Therefore, even today one can observe the technique of performing rock paintings. The aborigines of the Arnhemland plateau grind the dye with teeth, mix it in the mouth with water and, blowing out the mixture like a sprayer, sprinkle it on a hand attached to the rock. After removing the hand on the rock, its negative image remains.

In the northern part of the Arnhemland Plateau, you can see images of the entire forearm, made in this technique and then skillfully painted with multicolored ornaments.

One of the favorite themes of the drawings of the Aboriginal peoples of the Arnhemland Plateau are images of the Vongins, the spirits of water springs, which are traditionally painted as large standing or lying human figures or their heads. Hands and feet are usually unprocessed, instead of feet, only feet are sometimes indicated. The face has a nose and eyes, the mouth is usually absent. Around the head there is a horseshoe-shaped or arc-shaped glow, reminiscent of the aureole of the saints.

Thus, Arnemeland provides an invaluable opportunity to study the technique and purpose of primitive art in direct contact with it, to observe the work of an artist who is a member of a society whose culture differs little from the culture of the Stone Age.

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