Khorezm

Published February 18, 2017

Khorezm

Khorezm, located in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, occupied a special position in the ancient history of Central Asia. This advanced to the north the steppe country in the 4th century BC was separated from the Achaemenid empire. Khorezm was one of the most important cultural centers of Central Asia...

Bahrain

Published February 18, 2017

Bahrain

At 3-2 millennia BC Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians repeatedly mentioned in their cuneiform texts of a rich and flourishing kingdom, or the city of Dilmun - "country of life", which lay far to the south of Mesopotamia, "on the sunrise". The fact that the legendary Dilmun - a modern island of Bahrain, concluded in 1946 an American researcher P. Cornwall, after careful consideration of all the written sources...

Paul Bott

Published February 18, 2017

Paul Bott

In 1840, for the position of the French consul in Mosul has been appointed Paul Bott. French Asiatic Society commissioned Botta to find the remains of the famous Nineveh - the legendary capital of Assyria, which is mentioned many times in the Bible. Assyria is ancient land of Ashur - located in northern Mesopotamia, along the banks of the Tigris...

Egypt and Richard Pocock

Published February 18, 2017

Egypt and Richard Pocock

The first major work devoted to Egyptian antiquities, became published in 1755 in London the book "Travel to Egypt". Its author was Richard Pocock (1704-1765). In 1737, Richard Pocock went to Egypt - the land of the Pharaohs has long attracted him for its monuments and riddles...

Persepolis

Published February 18, 2017

Persepolis

In 1767 Carsten Niebuhr brought to Europe many copies of cuneiform texts, which he found seven miles north-east of Shiraz. In this place there were giant ruins of Persepolis - the famous capital of the Persian empire, burned by Alexander the Great. ...36 years ruled Persia "king of kings" Darius the first of the Achaemenid dynasty...

Karl Lepsius

Published February 18, 2017

Karl Lepsius

Karl Lepsius (1810-1884), founder of the German school of Egyptology. In 1837 Lepsius published an article about the hieroglyphic alphabet, in which he outlined the essence of the Egyptian hieroglyphics, and published the first collection of ancient Egyptian texts. In 1842, the King of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm 4 sent Karl Lepsius expedition led the University of Berlin on the banks of the Nile...

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