"Valuable" rivers

In the 15th century, numerous Portuguese seafarers were heading to the shores of Africa to find the mysterious very "valuable" river that allegedly flows into Atlantic Ocean. In those days in Europe, there were many legends about so-called "valuable" rivers. But all the seekers of glory and gold were returning home with nothing. The most successful among his compatriots was Captain Bilday. During his voyage along the west coast of Africa, he saw the mouth of some river. On the shore, the captain met the Tuareg, the inhabitants of the Sahara, where they exchanged a handful of sand with gold. On this basis, returning to his homeland, Bildaya said that he had found, after all, a "valuable" river - the Rio de Oro.

In those days in Europe, there were many legends about so-called valuable rivers

Soon it turned out that the seafarer was mistaken: he mistook a small narrow bay for the "valuable" river. However, this erroneous name for Rio de Oro is not only preserved in the geographical maps, but also spread to much of Western Sahara.

They say that they learn from mistakes, but the error with the "valuable river" did not teach other seafarers, Bilday's successors, who also everywhere saw gold and silver.

In 1515 the Spaniard Solis, searching for a channel that could be sailed from the Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean, found in the ocean, near the coast of South America, a lot of fresh water. This indicated that somewhere near the ocean runs into a large river.

In 1526, seafarer Sebastian Cabot went to the mouth of the mysterious river from Spain. Soon he reached, as he said, the widened mouth of a gigantic river. Like Bilday, exchanging a little noble metal in the local population (this time silver), Cabot gave the name of the "valuable" river of Rio de la Plata, that is, the "Silver River", opened to them. However, in time, La Plata was not a "valuable" river, but a gulf of the Atlantic Ocean, where a large Parana River flows. And in addition, the silver was not of local origin: the Indians took it from the Portuguese expedition Garcia, who came here with Peru. Regarding this erroneous name for the "valuable" river, it, like the previous one, not only was not corrected, but, on the contrary, spread to a large nearby country, which today is called Argentina, which means "Silver Country", despite the fact that There were no silver deposits here.