"Lost worlds"

Reading the exciting novel of Arthur Conan Doyle "lost worlds", are you wondering - is this fantasy? It turns out, not quite: the unassailable rocky plateau described by the writer exists in reality!

Reading the exciting novel of Arthur Conan Doyle lost worlds, are you wondering - is this fantasy?

And it all began in 1909, when in the tropical jungles of South America worked the expedition of the Englishman Foset to determine the boundaries between Brazil and Bolivia. Unexpectedly, the expedition members discovered among the jungles a "lost world" - an unknown rocky plateau with flat peaks between the rivers of Rio Verde and Guapore. Returning to London, Foset told about his travels to his friend Arthur Conan Doyle and showed photographs of mysterious rocks. This gave the theme and inspiration for the well-known adventure novel.

Later, Fawcet made several more trips to the picturesque tropical jungles of South America, searching for "lost worlds". From the last trip in 1925 he did not return. The search for the expedition was not successful.

There are many "lost worlds" on the map of South America. For example, in the southeastern part of Venezuela there are unusual plateaus with steep walls several hundred meters high. After the release of the novel of Conan Doyle, they were called "lost worlds." Enemies set up, the indigenous Indians consider them sacred and call these mountain "islands" - Tepui.

Studies of these "lost worlds" began only after the amazing adventures of Jimmy Angel, who flew over the forests of the Orinoco basin in the summer of 1937, noticed a small river not marked on the map among the jungle. Exploring it, the pilot, flying through the ravine in the mountains, heard a deafening roar. Here a huge waterfall fell down from the high cliffs of an unknown plateau with a roar. It was he who fed the river.

After some time, Angel and his companions again carried out the flight and landed on Ayan Tepui - "Devil's Grief". At the same time the plane got into the swamp and was damaged. With the help of ropes and cables captured with him, Angel and his companions descended and thus broke away from the captivity of the "lost world".

Angel Waterfall (Angel ), named , like the river, named the brave pilot, was so huge that it could only be photographed from an airplane. It turned out that its height is 1054 m, that is, it is more than 22 times higher for Niagara, known to all.

From this time on, scientists began to storm the "lost worlds" continuously. In 1953 the expedition of American Julian Steyermarka climbed to the highest Tepui - Khimantu area of 400 square km. Conan Doyle was not right: the fauna of these places was rather poor. Scientists met only a few species of small lizards, snakes, termites and spiders. Opossums and loons were the largest animals and birds here. But the vegetable world of these "lost worlds" was rich. The expedition collected about 15 thousand species of new plants.

It seemed that the scientists had already unraveled all the secrets of Tepui, and the last "lost worlds" had disappeared on the map of South America. But it was too early to celebrate the victory: in 1959, near the borders of Brazil with Venezuela and Guiana, new "lost worlds" were discovered, not designated on any map - several dozen mountain plateaus, each with an area of 300-400 square km. All of them were only superficially inspected by scientists from the air. Nobody could imagine how all these "lost worlds" would enrich science with surprises: after all, another large waterfall, 250 meters high, was found here from the plane!

But, the largest of the South American "lost worlds" is probably not in the mountainous areas, but among the unspoilt jungles of the Amazon. In these tropical jungles of South America there are still separate "lost worlds". In 1962, in the tropical jungles of Brazil, the expedition of the New York Botanical Garden unexpectedly discovered a small mountainous country with a peak 2994 m in height, which was named Pico de la Nieblina. In 1964, in the region of the Shingu River, the Brazilian scientist Orlando Boas suddenly discovered six Indian tribes unknown to science and among them - a tribe of giants, who considerably exceed their height of 2 m.

It was here, many years later, the brothers Williams and Orlando Boas eventually learned about the fate of the expedition of Phoset, who was searching for the mysterious Atlantis. He, along with his companions, died during a quarrel with the tribe of kalapalo...

In 1969, in the upper reaches of the Amazon, an Indian tribe was identified, numbering 200 people, which to this day uses stone tools. A little later, in the tropical thickets of Colombia, the French expedition of Jacques Etz suddenly discovered a small tribe of Asian descent. As it turned out so far from its ancestral home - it is unknown!