The discovery by the vikings of America

In the far north in the Middle Ages lived brave explorers - vikings. They once inhabited the whole Scandinavian coast. But as the population grew and arable land remained ever less, many of them began to go to different parts of the world on their ships, capable of swimming on the high seas. They called the ship a sea beast, a serpent, or a dragon, because the huge carved dragon heads adorned its nose and stern. Some of the Vikings engaged in robbery and terrorized their cruelty, others, known as the Normans, in search of new lands moved to the north-east of France, to the east coast of England, to Sicily and the secluded islands of Iceland. In the same scenario, there was a the discovery by the Vikings of America.

In the same scenario, there was a the discovery by the Vikings of America

Between 900 and 930 years. Viking Gunnbjorn went on a campaign to the west through Iceland. He met only rocky islands and land, entirely covered with ice. Hearing about this campaign, Icelander Eirik, nicknamed Red because of fiery red hair, went with a team of 32 people in 982 in search of a new country. True, not entirely voluntary. In a quarrel, he killed two people and was deported from Iceland for three years. Eirik managed to open the island, skirting the southern extremity of which, he founded two colonies on the western shore. He named this land Greenland (green country) in the hope , that this name will attract new settlers. In fact, in just a few years there were already 3,000 inhabitants. Geographically, Greenland belongs to North America. Thus, Eric Red discovered America 500 years before Columbus. Around 986, one merchant, heading from Iceland to Greenland, lost his way and landed on the southwestern shore of a flat and wooded land. In search of this land fifteen years later, as the "Saga of the Greenlanders" narrates, Viking Leiv, the son of Eirik, later called Happy, set off. With him was another 35 people.

At first the travelers reached the shores of Baffin Land - a barren country, which they named Hellyland. Then, heading south, they saw in a few days ahead of themselves the forested hills and white sandbanks - most likely Labrador. Still to the south they discovered a small island of Bell Isle and Newfoundland. The northerners who came from Greenland came to delight from the fat green meadows and the rivers rich in fish. They found there even a wild grapes and called this land a Vinograd Land - Vinland. The following year, Leiva Thorvald's brother undertook a series of new trips, during which he had to fight with the Indians - the Vikings called them "scrolls", and Thorvald died, struck by their arrow. Despite this, another attempt was made to found a colony here, but because of the endless war with the Indians, the Vikings were forced to retreat and three years later to return home.

In Greenland, the conditions for survival were too harsh. In the 13th century it became sharply colder, and the Eskimo raids began, and by the end of the 15th century the last of the settlers died here. As a result, the discovery by the Vikings of America did not leave a significant trace in world history.

Tools