Errors on the geographic map

Large errors on the geographical map made the French navigator Jacques Cartier. Exploring the northeastern shores of the open New World, he reached the mouth of an unknown, full-flowing river. Landed on its wooded shore, where several Indian wigwams were located, he, pointing out straight, asked the residents who came out to meet the name of this place. The Indians, who did not understand the stranger, answered "Kanata" or "Canada". "Canada", - decided the seafarer and put this name on his geographical map. At the same time, he did not understand that he made a big mistake, because the name is translated from the Iroquois language simply means "village".

Large errors on the geographical map made the French navigator Jacques Cartier

Nor was it fortunate for the distinguished English explorer D. Livingston to name the Congo River. African peoples generally do not have the independent word "Congo". It is an integral part of words that mean the names of individual localities and peoples, for example: "Ki-Congo" or "B-Congo". Exploring the great African river, D. Livingston, who did not understand the local languages, mistakenly mistook the part of the word for the name of the river, which he most often heard here. In fact, the local tribe of the Bakongo referred to this great river as the rather expressive word "Zaire", translated "water" or "river". Ironically, this unfortunate mistake of the researcher is not only permanently fixed on a geographical map in the usual name for us of a large African river, but also spread to the local state.

A big mistake on the map was the name of the fifth continent - Australia , which in translation means "Southern land". But, it is known that Australia is by no means the most southerly continent. In the south of the globe is located another continent, discovered by Russian navigators - Antarctica. Is this not a mistake? Yes, but the error is special. The fact is, open earlier, this more northerly land was considered at that time that mysterious southern land that seafarers had been looking for for many centuries and for which the name "Australia" had already been found in advance.

Another mistake on the map was made by the Portuguese. Exploring the coast of Brazil, the expedition of G. Kuelu on January 1, 1502 opened a small bay, which crashed deep into the mainland. Trying as much as possible to rob, the Portuguese did not impede themselves by diligent research of open lands, and therefore mistakenly took this bay for the mouth of a large river. The non-existent river was named Rio de Janeiro, that is, the January River. Over time, on the shores of this picturesque bay, a large city emerged, which inherited the name of a mythical river.

But still, the biggest mistake on the geographical map from the light hand of the first round-the-world explorer Magellan was the name of the largest ocean of the globe - Pacific Ocean. After all, this ocean can not be considered calm, quiet. True, the ocean had a more successful name - "Big", but it did not stick.

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