Geographic names that "suggest" and "deceive"

There are many rather eloquent names on the geographical map, which both "suggest" and "deceive". They are, as clues: the East European Plain, the Middle Lower Danube, North German, North French, Caspian, Mississippian, Amazonian, Indo-Gangetic lowlands, Volga Upland, etc. You will hear such a name and you will immediately understand (even if you do not know for sure) where the named geographical object is located.

There are many rather eloquent names on the geographical map, which both suggest and deceive

The names of the Indian and Arctic Oceans, Norwegian, Irish, Greenlandic, Japanese, East China, Arabian seas are also typical "clue" names.

However, beware: there are geographical names on the map that are misleading, simply "deceiving". Look at the physical map of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan: here between the Caspian and Aral seas lies the desert plateau Ustyurt. Once it was called Istyurt, that is, "plain", but cartographers wrote down this Kazakh name in a more understandable word for them.

The same thing happened with the name of the famous Apple Ridge in Transbaikalia. Of course, this region with a harsh climate is not known for apple trees. The name of the ridge is a distorted local name Yabylgani-Daba, which means "easily passable mountains".

The name of the river Yug seems to suggest that the river flows south, or is located in the south of the country. It turns out that neither one nor the other: the South flows in the north and, moreover, in the north direction. Its name is in the language of the Komi people, in which only the sound "yu" means a whole phrase that sounds like this: "a river along which one can sail in a boat".

The Rio Bravo del Norte ("stormy northern river"), flowing on the border between the United States and Mexico, that is, in the southern part of North America, clearly does not correspond to its name. So why the "northern river"? It turns out that this is what the Spaniards called it, for whom this river was once the northern border of the lands they had seized.

Do you know where the Arabian Desert is? Do not rush to answer: it turns out, on the opposite coast of the Red Sea from Arabia - in Africa, and not in Asia, as it should be according to the logic of things.

In the Mozambique Strait there is the island of Europe, and in the Far East - Cape Africa (on the Kamchatka Peninsula) and Baikal Bay (in the northwest of Sakhalin Island).

The island of Cuba and the Danube Islands are located in the Laptev Sea, near the Lena delta. These names come from the names of the ships of the Russian fleet that discovered the named geographical objects.

And of course, it is clear that the name of the island of Jamaica in the Caribbean, which sounds like two words to us, has nothing to do with the well-known piece of clothing. It comes from the local Indian "Xamaica", which means: "land of water sources".

There are also "deceiving" names on the map, of a different, so to speak, qualification nature. This, for example, is the name of the Dead Sea, located in the Middle East. Of course, this is not a sea, but just a small closed salt lake with an area of 1000 sq. km. The name "sea", which for some reason it received, is a clear exaggeration and should have been written in quotation marks.

Located in the heart of the Atlantic Ocean, a huge expanse of water, nowhere limited by land, is called the Sargasso Sea.

Far into the interior of the North American continent, a part of the Atlantic Ocean cuts, with which it is connected only by a narrow strait. Everything seems clear: before us is a full sea, but do not rush to conclusions, on the map in this place we read: "Hudson's Bay".

Two almost similar vast stretches of the Indian Ocean, which are separated, like a giant breakwater, by the massive Indian subcontinent. But its western shores are washed by the Arabian Sea, and the eastern ones are the same expanse, which is already called just the Bay of Bengal.