The smallest flowering plant

Maybe you are not very interested in plant pygmies, which can only be seen through a microscope; maybe you prefer even larger pygmies, but from "real" plants, from plants with roots, stems, leaves and flowers? Let's get a glimpse of some of these pygmies and identify the smallest flowering plant.

Let's get a glimpse of some of these pygmies and identify the smallest flowering plant!

Which is the smallest flowering plant in the world? Before definitively answering this question, let us recall one tiny plant, well known to everyone - recall the ordinary small duckweed, with its round leaves sometimes completely covering the surface of stagnant water in ponds, in puddles, in swampy creeks, in ditches, etc. The whole plant consists from a leaf and a single root submerged in water. You can simply say "leaf", although botanists have proven that this is not a leaf at all, but a flattened stem.

Duckweed can reproduce very quickly. A new leaf grows at the edge of the leaf, which then separates and begins an independent life. Duckweed is a flowering plant; but have you ever seen a duckweed with flowers? It blooms very, very rarely.

Remember if you have ever seen in the herbarium, or you managed to find blooming duckweed. They say that there is a story about one famous botanist, who spent many years looking for duckweed flowers in vain, and then accidentally stumbled upon a pond, completely covered with blooming duckweed. Many different plant rarities can be found, but blooming duckweed, despite all the efforts, is very difficult to find. Despite this, duckweed flowers can be seen, for example, in herbariums, and even then not all.

What do duckweed flowers look like? At the edge of the leaf, a tiny scaly cone grows, from which stigmas and two stamens stick out. All this in a pinhead size. It's as if it's a flower, it's ashamed to call it, but botanists consider it not even just a flower, but a whole inflorescence of one female and two male flowers!

The smallest flowering plant looks like a duckweed, but only about four times smaller. This plant is called - wolfia, or rootless duckweed. Its tiny leaves are flat on top and convex below. Wolfia has no spine. A flower, sort of like a duckweed, but with only one stamen. Wolfia is found in Ukraine, it is found there quite often, and, like duckweed, sometimes completely covers stagnant waters. If you come across a thicket of wolfia somewhere, do not even try to find a flower. Simply, you will waste your time! Wolfia, brought to us from warm countries, as botanists believe, never blooms in Europe.

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