The noosphere

The noosphere (from the Greek word noos - the mind and the "sphere") is the future, higher stage of the development of the biosphere, the sphere of interaction between nature and man, where the determining force is the mind. The concept of "noosphere" was suggested by the professor of mathematics of the Sorbonne, Eduard Leroy (1870-1954), who interpreted it as a "thinking" shell, formed by human consciousness. E. Leroy stressed that he came to this idea together with his friend - the largest geologist and paleontologist-evolutionist and Catholic philosopher Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.

The noosphere (from the Greek word noos - the mind and the sphere) is the future, higher stage of the development of the biosphere, the sphere of interaction between nature and man...

Developing the doctrine of the noosphere, Academician V.I. Vernadsky assumed that, having arisen on the Earth, the noosphere as man develops the circumstellar space should become a special structural element of the cosmos. For the transformation of the biosphere into the noosphere, knowledge of the laws of nature and the transformation of nature by man (which on scales comparable to global natural processes is already observed in our time) is not enough. This is a transformation of the biosphere, which meets the needs of all developing humanity. Vernadsky argued that humanity in the course of its development is transformed into a new powerful "geological force", transforming the face of the planet with its thought and work. Accordingly, in order to preserve it, it will have to take responsibility for the development of the biosphere, which turns into a noosphere, and this will require a certain social organization and a new, ecological and at the same time humanistic ethics.

Today, man's interaction with the biosphere, where his influence turns out to be decisive, is sometimes called anthroposphere, technosphere. The future noosphere is probably the joint use by mankind of near-Earth space for peaceful, scientific purposes; large, global projects aimed, for example, at regulating the transfer of pollutants (causing, in particular, acid rains); collective measures of various states to prevent pollution of the oceans, and so on.

In the structure of the noosphere and the biosphere, Vernadsky singled out "seven kinds of matter": living, biogenic (emerged from the living), inert (emerged from the inanimate), biocosic (partially alive, partially inanimate), radioactive, atomically scattered, cosmic. This theory received its logical continuation and development in the writings of Academician Lysenko, as well as Professor Lepeshinskaya, which expanded and deepened the doctrine of "living matter." Nevertheless, the "Theory of the Seven Kinds of Matter" has never been accepted by the Western scientific community.

Thus, the concept of "noosphere" appears in two aspects: the noosphere is in its infancy, developing spontaneously from the moment of appearance of man; the noosphere is developed, consciously formed by the joint efforts of people in the interests of the all-round development of all mankind and each individual person.

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