Mineral vitamins

To fully nourish plants, animals and humans, at least 12 elements are needed: carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, sodium, chlorine, calcium, magnesium and iron. In addition to these elements, in small quantities, such elements as boron, rubidium, iodine, bromine, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, molybdenum are also needed. These are trace elements or mineral vitamins. They are part of the enzymes and proteins. The compounds of mineral vitamins, which are introduced into the soil, are called microfertilizers. From the soil mineral vitamins enter plants, and already with plant food - into the organisms of animals and humans.

In the human body, mineral vitamins accumulate in certain organs

In the human body, mineral vitamins accumulate in certain organs and tissues, for example, iodine in the thyroid gland, nickel in the pancreas, cadmium in the kidneys, chromium in the brain, zinc in the teeth, copper in the liver, silver and molybdenum in the brain , manganese in the heart, tin in the tongue, lead in the bones, arsenic in the nails and men's hair, gold in the female hair, strontium in the vertebrae, barium in the pigmented shell of the eyes.

Mineral vitamins fulfill their important function. For example, boron promotes metabolism; without it, the impossible normal growth of plants, their flowering. The lack of boron in plants inhibits the synthesis of proteins in cells. If there is no boron in the soil, the plants perish. The content of boron in terrestrial plants is 0.0001-0.1% of the dry matter mass.

Mineral zinc vitamin is also necessary for normal growth, flowering and fruiting of plants. In many spineless zinc performs the same role as iron in the blood of vertebrates. Every day, a person needs about 15 mg of zinc, which is ingested with food. Some plants accumulate appreciable amounts of zinc. For example, plantain contains 0,02, and violet - up to 0,06%. In man, zinc is more than 0,001%, and most of all it is concentrated in the teeth (0,02%).

Mineral vitamin is also copper. It acts as a kind of catalyst for intracellular processes. In the kingdom of fauna, the largest quantity of copper contains spineless: octopus, squid, oysters and some other mollusks. In their blood, copper fulfills the function of iron - the carrier of oxygen. It is part of the blue pigment of hemocyanin. Through this blood, many cephalopods and crustaceans are not red, but blue. Interestingly, tumor cells, on the other hand, contain very little copper. Lack of copper leads to serious disorders in the body - slows the formation of hemoglobin and the anemia comes.

Mineral vitamin cobalt is a part of hematopoietic vitamin B12. In its purest form, it is a pink crystalline substance that contains 4,5% cobalt. In the case of his absence, a serious serious illness develops - malignant anemia.

For the normal development of living organisms, molybdenum is very necessary, which assists the assimilation of calcium by plants and the conversion of mineral phosphates to organic compounds. In animal organisms, the mineral vitamin molybdenum is included in the vital enzyme xanthine oxidase, which accelerates nitrogen exchange and, above all, purine metabolism. Due to the breakdown of purines, the body produces uric acid. If this acid is abundant, the kidneys do not have time to remove it and then it and its insoluble salts are deposited in joints and muscle tendons, which causes the disease.

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