Figures, facts, dates...

The Dutch botanist and doctor G. Bourgava (1668-1738) - the very one who first "measured the temperature" of patients - is also considered a major chemist of his time, although he did not claim this glory at first. But it so happened that one of his students published in "The main provisions and experiments of chemistry" in Paris in 1724 - the course of lectures given by the Burgau University in Leiden University. The book went well, in 1727 it was translated into English, and, finally, in the hands of Bourgav, he had never before seen his scientific work, on whose title his name was flaunted. After reading it, the scientist was horrified by the many gross errors and distortions of his views. Fearing for his scientific reputation, Bourgav put aside all his affairs and in 1732, urgently released his "Elements of Chemistry", cleared of errors and inaccuracies attributed to him the publication. It was this book that brought him the fame of the creator of the first systematic course of chemistry.

The Dutch botanist and doctor G. Bourgava - the very one who first began to measure the temperature of patients - is also considered a major chemist of his time

The fact that Peter the First, reforming the state-administrative administration of Russia, created 12 boards instead of previous orders, is known to every schoolboy. But very few people know which colleges Peter founded. It turns out that out of all 12 colleges, three were considered the main ones: military, naval and foreign affairs. The financial affairs of the state were administered by three colleges: revenues - chamber-collegium, expenses - staff-collegium, control-audit collegium. The affairs of trade and industry were conducted by the commer- cial manufactory-collegium and the berg collegium. Then the Justice College, the Spiritual Board (Synod), and the Chief Magistrate, who was in charge of city affairs. It is not difficult to see how colossal development has been achieved in the last 250 years of technology and industry: the affairs that only two colleges - the manufactories and the berg-collegium - were managing in Peter's time, today about fifty ministries manage!

The greatest contribution to "star toponymy" was made by the Arabs: they gave the names to 85 stars. In second place are the Greeks, who called 20 stars, followed by the Romans - they called 10 stars. And only 3 stars got their names in the New Time!