Kinetoscope

A kinetoscope or a kinetograph is one of Edison's inventions (1891). With the help of a photographic camera, a continuous series of small shots of a scene (46 images per second) was obtained from the celluloid tape; At the same time, the phonograph recorded, for example, the conversation of the depicted persons.

A kinetoscope or a kinetograph is one of Edison's inventions

The viewer is near the kinetoscope. The headphones are connected to the phonograph built into the case. Photo of 1895.

When showing the images in the kinetoscope, the general engine rotated the phonograph and moved the tape with the pictures at the same average speed as they were obtained, but irregularly. About two-thirds of the time was spent on moving, and one third of the forty-sixth of a second each picture was in the focus of the lantern; The light source of the lantern remained unclosed only during the periods of stopping the pictures. Thus, the viewer saw objects on the screen on the screen, like in a strobe, and heard simultaneously corresponding sounds, for example, a conversation. By this principle, all subsequent cinematographic devices were created.

Structurally, the kinetoscope resembled a small cabinet. Variable images were viewed through the hole in the housing. The headphones attached to the kinetoscope are attached to the phonograph built into the case.

The world's first salon of kinetoscopes for viewing pictures that moved, opened on April 14, 1894 in New York on Broadway, the firm Goland Brothers. Only one viewer could see the film in the kinetoscope. In the first New York salon, 10 devices stood in two rows. Everyone showed another film. For 25 cents a visitor could see all the tapes in one of the rows.

Among the stories of the first popular films were films about the English woman-acrobat, the work of blacksmiths, cockfighting. For the same money, then you could buy a ticket to one of the best variety shows in the city, and in the entertainment park, visit the show of sea lions, the dance hall and ride three times on the carousel. But the kinetoscope still quickly became popular. New York Salon for the first year brought a stable profit of almost $1400 per month. In early 1894, Goland Brothers opened two of the same salon in Chicago and San Francisco.

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