Mysterious was once Taymyr. Although the shores of this huge peninsula were mapped in the 18th century. participants of the Great Northern Expedition, its interior contained many secrets. In the study of the Taimyr Peninsula, many expeditions took part. One of the first was an expedition in 1928 under the leadership of A.I. Tolmachev. The scientists reached the Lake Taimyr region and found that its images at the then geographical maps little corresponded to reality. At the same time, a number of valuable information was obtained about the mysterious Byrranga mountains. In the years 1943-1944. a large expedition to the deer across the tundra of Taimyr was carried out by a new expedition.

Mysterious was once Taymyr

Taymyr peninsula in Russia, the northernmost continental part of the land of the Eurasian continent, is located between the Yenisei Bay Kara Sea and Khatangsky Bay of the Laptev Sea. There are several hypotheses for the origin of the toponym "Taymyr". The most common is the version of the Evenk origin from the ancient Tunguska "Tamura" ("valuable, expensive, rich") - so the Evenks called the Taymyr River, which abounded with fish. In the 19th century, through the geographer and traveler Alexander Fedorovich Middendorf (1815-1894), this name spread to the entire peninsula.

Outstanding successes in the declassification of the secrets of the Taymyr Peninsula were achieved in 1946 by an expedition of Leningrad geographers headed by A.O. Shcherbakov. Moving on an all-terrain vehicle along the north-western coast of the Taymyr peninsula, scientists suddenly found here the mouth of an unknown, full-flowing river, which was named Leningrad, and its largest inflow was Zhdanovskaya. And in addition, in the Byrranga mountains, several glaciers were unexpectedly discovered, the geographers and assumptions did not exist on the Taymyr Peninsula.

In the following years, the "white spots" on the Taymyr Peninsula were eliminated by aerial photography of the most inaccessible areas. Based on the photographs, the coastline of the Taymyr Peninsula was specified. It was here that the last point was put in the study of the Taymyr Peninsula. This was done in 1968 by the diesel-electric "Navarin" expedition, which opened an island in the coastal archipelago of Nordenskiold, which was named the ship.

Taymyr is characterized by a prolonged cold winter with temperatures up to -620 C and a short cool summer. A frequent phenomenon is a blizzard, which sometimes lasts up to several weeks. Almost always blowing strong winds. The territory of Taymyr belongs to permafrost territory.

The northern part of the Taymyr is characterized by an almost complete absence of lichen, a small spread of moss tundra. Shrubs are represented here by a litter, cowberry, wild rosemary, partridge grass. The forest tundra is located to the south of the typical tundra. Woody vegetation on the Taymyr goes far to the north. Trees in the forest-tundra are depressed, many trees have dried tops, many seem to be huddled to the ground.