Labrador was opened in 1501 by the Portuguese seafarer Gaspar de Corretale. He sailed from the Azores in the direction to the north-west and reached 55 degrees north latitude of some severe high shore. Arriving seafarers hospitably met the locals - beautiful, high Indians. But the benevolent and simple-minded children of nature were overly gullible. The Portuguese saw in them only slaves for their colonies. Treacherously capturing several Indians, they sailed home.

Labrador was opened in 1501 by the Portuguese seafarer Gaspar de Corretale

The land discovered by them was called Terra des Labradores, which in Portuguese means "Land of slaves". The name spread to the entire large peninsula, which was called the Labrador. Another version says that the peninsula is named in honor of the Portuguese explorer and explorer Joao Fernandez Lavrador, who described the coast Greenland and north-eastern North America in 1498.

The peninsula is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Gulf of Saint Laurence in the south, Hudson Strait in the north and Hudson Bay in the west. The banks in the north and west are mostly low, sometimes skerry. The eastern coast is high, fjord, in the south of the coast straight. The area is more than 1,6 million km2.

The predominant vegetation of Labrador is the forest-tundra and rare-growth forests of black and white spruce, balsamic fir and larch. In the south there are taiga forests, sometimes with an admixture of hardwoods. The climate on Labrador is subarctic and temperate; is heavily influenced by Arctic Ocean and cold Labrador Current. The average January temperature is from -280 C in the north-west to -120 C in the southeast, July - from 70 C to north to 180 C in the south.

It is mainly inhabited by the Labrador coast. Significant cities: Shefferville and Set-Ile, connected by rail. In Labrador, iron ore is mined, well-developed fur and fish industries are well developed.