Kara Sea

For a long time scientists have been interested in the Kara Sea. It was through him that the Great Northern Sea Route was to pass. Mastering this path was the cherished dream of the best scientists.

For a long time scientists have been interested in the Kara Sea. It was through him that the Great Northern Sea Route was to pass

The Kara Sea is covered with ice even in summer - this is the so-called "ice bag". And in addition to this there is almost no sunny days. Throughout the year the sky above the sea is drawn by low gray clouds. First of all, it was necessary to find out by what laws the ice floes are moving in the Kara Sea, in what direction, at what speed. The real "white spot" was ice-bound throughout much of the year for the Kara Sea. Only individual ships visited before in its waters.

Studying the materials of the pioneers of the Kara Sea research, the outstanding scientist V. Yu. Vize paid special attention to the ship's log of the schooner "Saint Anna". It was a single, but very important document that remained from the expedition of G. L. Brusilov, who tragically died somewhere in the spaces Arctic Ocean. V.Yu. Wiese became interested in the ship magazine "Saint Anne" not by chance. The expedition took place exactly in those places of the Kara Sea, where by that time there was no single ship. In order to determine the direction and speed of movement of the ice floes, the scientist began to plot the drift line of the vessel in the Kara Sea in accordance with the latitude and longitude coordinates indicated in the journal. Soon he saw that the ice that captured the schooner and moved north to the north at one time for some reason suddenly "evaded". Probably, some obstacle appeared on the way of the drift, which, despite the favorable wind, prevented the movement of the ice floes. "There must be an island", the scientist decided. So on the map of the Kara Sea an island appeared, which was discovered not in the usual expeditionary way, but in theory. Emergency! Probably, that's why very few people believed in the actual existence of this island, discovered "blindly".

But facts are a stubborn thing. Six years later, during the expedition of 1930 on the icebreaker Georgy Sedov, V. Yu. Wiese and everyone who was with him, on their own eyes, became convinced that the Kara Sea openly in absentia actually exists. On August 14, the members of the expedition landed on a land covered with poor tundra vegetation, hidden among the icy expanses of the Kara Sea, which was named after the discoverer V. Yu. Wiese.

In the book "The Seas of the Soviet Arctic" about this island, V.Yu. Wiese wrote: "The island, lost among the arctic ice of the Kara Sea, creates a very cloudy and oppressive impression: it is low, composed of sedimentary rocks, its surface is almost devoid of vegetation. "Extremely poor and his animal kingdom". The area of the island of Wiese is relatively small - about 200 sq. km. The island of Wiese in the Kara Sea is not the first "correspondence discovery". Even earlier, there was also a much larger open land. Assumptions about it, so to speak, earthly existence was first expressed by the Russian naval officer M.G. Shilling. In his article, which appeared in the Sea Collection in May 1865 under the heading "Considerations on New Ways for Discoveries in the Northern Polar Ocean", he notes that researchers are always relatively easy to reach the northern shores of Spitsbergen, since between this archipelago and The new Earth, apparently, is another unknown land, which extends north from Spitsbergen and keeps the ice behind it. This idea was also shared by the Russian geographer and traveler IO Kropotkin. In his "Plan of the Russian Expedition and the Kara Sea,"he writes: "To the north of Novaya Zemlya, indeed, there must be a land located at higher latitudes than Spitsbergen, as indicated by immovable ice to the northwest of Novaya Zemlya, silt, which carry with them floating ice fields, and some other signs". Twenty years after the publication of the article by M.G. Schilling, the Austrian expedition Yu. P. K. Vaiprecht accidentally got there, whose members suddenly saw the earth. They gave her the name of their emperor. This is how Franz Josef Land appeared on the map of the Arctic.

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