King-bees

American entomologist Adam Messer was found in the jungles of Indonesia giant king-bees the size of a hummingbird. True, only females reach this size - males are 2 times smaller. Giant king-bees live in small tubular nests, arranging them inside nests termites, located on trees or hollows. Outwardly, their homes resemble basketballs made from papier-mache. At the same time they do not expel the termites, but quietly coexist with them. The walls of the nest, arranged in the form of tunnels, are made of wood tar, through which termites can not make their way to their flying neighbors. Clearly visible on the sides of the head, the jaw curves serve to collect and transport the resin. None of the known species of bees they reach such a size. In each nest there is a group of king-bees, but between them there is no division of duties, as in our bees. The same work is performed on a par with both males and females. In addition, females live together, which is also not typical for bees. Tsar-bees have a completely unusual and upper jaw.

American entomologist Adam Messer was found in the jungles of Indonesia giant king-bees the size of a hummingbird

Recall that bees play an important role in the pollination of flowering plants, being the largest group of pollinators in ecosystems associated with flowers. Depending on the current need, bees can concentrate on both collecting nectar and collecting pollen. Both in the first and in the second case, the bees contribute to the pollination of plants, but in the case of collecting pollen this process is much more effective. There are about 21 thousand species and 520 genera of bees. They can be found on all continents, except Antarctica. Bees have adapted to eat nectar and pollen, using nectar mainly as a source of energy, and pollen to produce proteins and other nutrients.

Messer spent almost a year in Indonesia, watching the seven nests of bees found. Giant king-bees are peaceful creatures: only one has bitten him during this time, and even more so by his own imprudence. The bite, against fears, was not very painful. Sting the king-bee has no notches and does not remain in the skin of the bitten.

It is interesting that the first astonishing king-bees described in 1861 the famous English naturalist, Darwin's ally Alfred Wallace, but since then these representatives of the species did not come across to scientists. Many already began to doubt their existence. Even the locals rarely see the giant king-bees, although they know about them. But not so long ago the king-bees were again found in the jungles of Indonesia. This time scientists showed perseverance and caught several specimens.

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