Microbes

Microorganisms, microbes - the name of a group of living organisms that are too small to be visible to the naked eye (the characteristic size is less than 0,1 mm). Germs have long been working on the national economy. They are used to make vitamins and enzymes, complex mineral solutions are cleared, and ores of non-ferrous metals are enriched. And the results, as a rule, are excellent. For example, citric acid, obtained by microbiological means, is superior in quality, prepared from lemon juice. Therefore, scientists continue to look for new microelements, select microbes, and find suitable nutrient media for them.

Microorganisms, microbes - the name of a group of living organisms that are too small to be visible to the naked eye

Is it possible to automate the process of cultivation of microbes in bioreactors? Experts in this regard give a positive answer. The engineers of one trust offered their own variant. In the role of "nanny," which regularly gives "food" to children, monitors the temperature, the chemical composition of solutions, they used a set of electronic devices. Electronics allows you to repeat optimally selected modes in an automatic cycle or program necessary changes for microbes to lead normal life activity.

Microbes live almost everywhere, where there is water, including hot springs, the bottom of the world's ocean, and also deep inside the earth's crust. They are an important link in the metabolism of ecological systems. Inhabitants in various environments, microbes participate in the cycle sulfur, iron, phosphorus and other elements, decompose organic substances of animal, plant origin, as well as abiogenic origin (methane, paraffins), provide self-purification of water in water bodies.

But not all kinds of microbes bring human benefits. A very large number of species is dangerous for humans and animals. Some microorganisms cause spoilage of agricultural products, impoverish the soil with nitrogen, cause pollution of water bodies, accumulation of poisonous substances (for example, microbial toxins) in food products.

The most widely accepted theories about the origin of life on Earth suggest that microbes were the first living organisms that emerged in the evolutionary process.

Tools