Ficuses

Of course, all familiar ficuses. This house plants with large thick leaves. They are considered large if they do not fit on the windowsill, and do not grow in pots, and in special tubs. These plants in their homeland in India called the banyan tree and look very different. They are surprising many travelers.

Of course, all familiar ficuses. This house plants with large thick leaves

The most famous member of the genus Ficus is a fig tree. "Fig leaf" portrayed countless times on canvases and prints by old masters.

Ficuses, tend to have not one but hundreds of trunks. In the center of the tree growing primary, the most thick trunk, on which have grown and stretched in different directions thick trunks. Branches grow as a thick finger down. Once they reached the soil, they take root and begin to grow immediately in the thickness, quickly turning into a thick secondary trunks that are not much inferior to the core. From the trunks extend new trunks, which give rise to new, and so lasts without end. At the same time continue to grow new branches from the central trunk. Aerial roots of some ficus can tightly braid the trunk of a host tree, causing its extinction.

Due to the fact that the Indian ficuses have an average age of more than one hundred years, each of these trees usually have a few hundred or even thousands of trunks and constitutes a real small forest.

All parts of the plant contain a milky juice. Many types of ficuses useful plants. A latex of some species use in medicine. They have the greatest value in the industry as the rubber.

The fruits of some ficuses are edible. They contain 75% sugars (glucose, fructose). These plants entered into the culture in ancient times. In the rain forests fruits of ficuses the bulk of the feed of mammals and birds, leaves and wood insects.

In fact, ficuses are surprising. One of the oldest ficus lived about 3000 years. It consists of 3 large and 3 thousand thousand smaller trunks. Its height is 60 m. In the shade of the tree-forest can relax at the same time... about 7 thousand man!

In the Indian state of Meghalaya peoples have learned to use ficuses a few centuries ago. They use ficuses roots for the building living bridges. Through an obstacle throws bamboo poles and guide ficuses roots that gradually grow to the opposite side. The process of "building" lasts 10-15 years. Living bridges can reach a length of 30 meters and can withstand the weight of more than 50 people. The age of some bridges up to 500 years.

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