The Saturn

With its inimitable system of rings, the Saturn is a beautiful sight. The Saturn refers to giant planets like Jupiter; Its diameter is more than 10 times the earth's diameter. Because of the high speed of self rotation, the compression of the planet Saturn, like Jupiter, is very great. Despite the large size of the planet Saturn, the gravity on it is only slightly larger than on the Earth, since its substance has a low density. Basically Saturn consists of hydrogen, with admixtures of helium and traces of water, methane, ammonia and heavy elements. The inner region is a small core of iron, nickel and ice, covered with a thin layer of metallic hydrogen and a gaseous outer layer, which makes it the only planet in the solar system whose average density is less than the density of water. The atmosphere of Saturn is similar to Jovian, the temperature on the "solar" side because of even greater distance from the Sun is -150 degrees Celsius. In the atmosphere of the planet Saturn, too, there are dark bands. The outer atmosphere of the planet seems calm and homogeneous from outer space, although sometimes long-lasting formations appear on it. The wind speed on Saturn can reach 1800 km/h in places, which is much larger than on Jupiter.

With its inimitable system of rings, the Saturn is a beautiful sight

Surrounding Saturn in the equatorial plane, the system of rings has already struck Galileo in his observations. Despite this, some time elapsed before the nature of these rings was clarified. This is due primarily to the fact that the orientation of the ring with respect to the Earth is constantly changing due to the fact that Saturn revolves around the sun: we look at the ring alternately, then from the north, then from the south, sometimes from the edge (in the plane of the ring), so That at the same time it is either very difficult, or completely impossible to distinguish. Now it is known that the ring consists of a multitude of tiny particles circling the planet Saturn as satellites. The system consists of an outer and somewhat wider inner ring. They are separated by a free interval (the so-called Cassini gap). To the inner ring from the inside is another lighter ring.

Nine satellites of the planet Saturn are very different in size and only the largest, Titan, so bright that it can be seen even in good binoculars or in a small telescope. It is superior in size to the planet Mercury and probably has an atmosphere.

Observations of the planet Saturn because of the beautiful ring is very exciting, and a small telescope with an increase of about 80 times already allows you to see the ring. The planet Saturn when viewed in a telescope seems yellowish.

The Saturn has a planetary magnetic field occupying an intermediate position in the tension between the earth's magnetic field and the powerful field of Jupiter. The magnetic field of Saturn extends for 1000000 kilometers in the direction of the Sun.