Malachite is one of the most beautiful stones, transmitting all tones and halftones of green color. Forms green masses of a filiform form with a radial-fibrous structure. The forms of malachite secretion in nature are extremely diverse. Well-formed crystals are very rare and always shallow, have a columnar, lamellar, acicular appearance, tend to be split into bundles, fluffy balls split like rosettes. Malachite constantly accompanies various copper ores, being a product of their weathering.

Malachite (Middle Urals)

Fig.1. Malachite (Middle Urals).

Malachite is unusually beautiful in its texture - ribbon, radiant, with interlacing and transposition of various interlayers. The stone is bright, juicy, cheerful and at the same time silky soft green.

Since ancient times, malachite is considered a "health stone", a remedy for asthma, rheumatism, poisonings, menstrual irregularities, and "open wounds". The lighter it is, the higher its healing power. Light pale greenish shades are most useful for the heart and blood vessels of the heart and lungs. Dark green variety has a beneficial effect directly on the muscle of the heart, promotes digestion of food, and also possesses properties inherent in the class of copper. It is also believed that malachite improves the functions of the pancreas and spleen, helps tissue regeneration, soothes overexcited nervous system, improves sleep.

Products from malachite

Fig.2. Products from malachite.

Malachite causes a heightened interest in its owner, it is recommended to wear it as a talisman to artists, poets and all those who want to please and be in sight.

Malachite is an aqueous copper carbonate, which has so much in it that in the 17th century it was used as an ore. It occurs in the form of dense kidneys, earthy discharge, etc. Ancient Greeks used malachite for decorating buildings and a hall. In ancient Egypt from it made cameos, amulets, ornaments. Due to the ease of its formation, malachite covers ancient bronze objects found during archeological excavations.

The solubility of malachite in acids with the emission of carbon dioxide is characteristic, as well as in ammonia, which is stained with a beautiful blue color. Since ancient times, a method of obtaining free copper from malachite is known. In conditions of incomplete combustion of coal, in which carbon monoxide is formed.

The best malachite in the world is the one found in the Urals. But the largest modern deposits are in Africa.