Diamond "Shah"

The world of geology is not only distant exploratory expeditions, not only hard trials for researchers, but also a world of beautiful works of art obtained as a result of refinement of finds. First of all, this refers to diamonds, which, as a result of skillful work masters turn into wonderful diamonds. Many of them have their own history. Let us consider one of them. And her hero will be diamond "Shah".

Many of them have their own history. Let us consider one of them. And her hero will be diamond Shah

India has always been famous for the beauty and luxury of its palaces and temples. And it's not strange - there are not so few gem mines in India. For several hundred years, thousands of Indian workers mined diamonds and diamond-bearing sands in the valley of the Golconda rivers. It was here that a miraculous pure diamond, about three centimeters in size, was once found. He was taken to the court of Prince Ahmednagar, where he settled in the treasury. At the end of the stone by local craftsmen, an inscription was engraved with the help of a diamond powder - Burkhan-Nizam-Shah the second.1000 g. Of course, in those days in India there was a calendar, and the year 1000 corresponded to 1591 AD our calendar. What events were interesting in those years in India? The ruler of Northern India, the Great Mogul Akbar, first sent a tribute to the central part of the country. But his ambassadors returned almost without gifts. Then the Great Mogul decided to explain in a traditional way to his neighbors that they were wrong - by military force. The military campaign made it possible to subordinate Ahmednagar as well. Among the captured values was the diamond "Shah".

After a while, the Shah Jahan ascended to the throne of the Great Moguls, who was also an expert precious stones. It is interesting that this shah himself also dealt with cutting stones. On the orders of Jehan, the inscription "Son of Jehangir-Shah Jehan Shah, 1051" was engraved on the other side on the diamond "Shah".

But the government is a fickle thing, even relatives can often strike back at the ruler. And in our history, the son of Jehan Shah Aureng-Zeb after a long struggle imprisoned his father in prison and took possession of the throne. Famous French traveler and diamond dealer Jean-Baptiste Tavernier described the decoration of the throne of the Great Moguls so. It contained 108 cabochons of red noble spinel weighing more than a hundred carats each, about 60 emeralds weighing up to 60 carats, a lot of diamonds. Baldakhin above the throne also shone with a multitude of precious stones. In the adornment addressed to those present, there was also a diamond "Shah", suspended as a talisman. A groove was made through the whole stone, allowing it to be tied with a gold thread.

The time has passed, and the diamond "Shah", stored in Jehanabad, came to Delhi. But in 1739 Shah Nadir of Persia defeated the Hindus, took possession of Delhi and among other trophies captured and diamond "Shah". So the stone was in Persia, where it was engraved with the third inscription "Vladyka Qajar Fathali Shah Sultan, 1242".

February 11, 1829 in the capital of Persia, Tehran religious fanatics staged massacres in the Russian embassy, where, among other representatives, was killed and A.S. Griboyedov, whom we know from his famous work "Woe from Wit". Tsarist diplomacy requires the answer and punishment of Persia. What should a country do in such a situation? Somehow propitiate the ruler with gifts. And the delegation headed by the son of Shah Prince Khosrev-Mirza sent to St. Petersburg to Tsar Nikolai the First. Among the gifts was one of the most valuable things in all of Persia - the diamond "Shah".

With the outbreak of the First World War, the Shah diamond along with other valuable exhibits was sent to Moscow, where boxes of jewelry were placed in the caches of the Armory. But they were never open for public viewing.

Each diamond with its own name is witness to more than one celebration, feast, humiliation and bloodshed. They were held in the hands of not only master cutters and rulers, but also ruthless murderers and thieves. A lot of stories remember the stones, but they can not tell them. True, sometimes some of the story is written on them by skilled engravers. So, as it is written on the diamond "Shah".

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