Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal is one of the amazing miracles of the whole globe, which splashes in a huge stone basin, surrounded by taiga-covered mountain ranges. Its coast and surrounding mountains with unique fauna, flora, and also the lake with 20% fresh water reserves on the globe is an invaluable gift of nature. Many songs and legends are composed about it, and the very name Baikal means "rich lake".

Lake Baikal extends from the north-east to the south-west at 636 km, and the largest width of Lake Baikal is 79 km

Lake Baikal extends from the north-east to the south-west at 636 km, and the largest width of Lake Baikal is 79 km. It is the eighth largest lake in the world. In addition, Baikal - the deepest lake of our planet. Its depth reaches 1657 m and exceeds the depth of some seas of the globe.

Lake Baikal has 1123 rivers, the largest of which are Selenga, Barguzin, and the Upper Angara, and only one follows, the Angara, whose mouth is 378 meters below the lake level, which creates a great fall energy for powerful power plants.

Such a huge reservoir strongly influences the climate of the surrounding area. Therefore, in summer Baikal moderates the heat, and in winter - severe Siberian frosts. Baikal freezes only in January. However, even in the heat, the water in it is no more than +120 .

There is no lake on the globe, the water in which is more transparent than Baikal. The white disc, dropped here to determine the transparency of the water, is visible from a depth of about 40 m.

In addition, Lake Baikal is the oldest lake at Earth. Its basin began to form 25-30 million years ago. It is established that annually the shores of the lake move apart on average by about 2 cm, and its area increases by 3 hectares.

The existence of numerous hot springs on the shores of Lake Baikal with temperatures from +300 to +900 indicates the active life of subsoil. There are sometimes up to 2000 earthquakes a year, but mostly small ones.

One of the amazing features of Lake Baikal is its truly unique animal world, which has more than 1500 species, 75% of them live only on Lake Baikal. Pisces is more here than in some seas - 49 species, and almost all indigenous "Baikalians", for example, the famous omul, and the viviparous fish golomyanka, which is so fatty that it is thrown ashore by the storm, almost completely melts under the sun's rays.

Of the other species of Lake Baikal, 80 are crustaceans alone, among which the small crustacean of the epishura is very valuable for the lake. By procuring food, this baby, filters the water through a special organ, cleansing it of various "bacteria" from various bacteria and algae. For a year, these "orderlies" have time to filter several times around 1500 cu. km of water to a depth of 5-10 m, which is 10 times more than it falls into the lake from all the rivers. Due to the activity of the crayfish epishura, the unusual purity of Baikal waters is maintained.

In the coastal forests of Lake Baikal, many berries, mushrooms, flowers and herbs grow, and the glorified Barguzin sable is an ornament of the animal world.