Cameroon was opened in 1474 by the Portuguese seafarer Rui di Siqueira. Moving along the west coast of Africa, he reached the area located to the south of the mouth of the river Niger. Here he opened a small river, very rich in crabs. Therefore, the traveler named this river Rio dos Camaroes, that is, "Crab River".

Cameroon was opened in 1474 by the Portuguese seafarer Rui di Siqueira

Later this name, in a slightly modified form - Cameroon - passed to a high volcano, located near the river, and eventually the entire surrounding area of Africa. Now this is the territory of the Republic of Cameroon.

Forests and woodlands occupy about half the territory of the country Cameroon. In the Cameroonian forests, almost all tropical species of trees grow. The most typical are ficuses, a breadfruit, eucalyptus, palm trees. There are many valuable breeds that are in demand in the world market: various types of mahogany, such as akazhu, sipo, sapele; ebony, yellow wood and others, giving valuable ornamental and building wood. Many breeds of trees with exceptionally hard (heavy) wood, among them one of the types of famous iron tree - azobe; its wood is used in port facilities and for the manufacture of sleepers. In the Cameroonian flora there are more than 9000 species of higher plants, the fauna is represented by 1000 species of birds, over 300 species of mammals, 200 species of reptiles.

The climatic conditions of the country of Cameroon differ in different parts of the country. In the south, the climate is equatorial, constantly humid, in the center and in the north - subequatorial, with rainy summer and dry winter. The dense and abundant river network of Cameroon belongs to the basin of the Atlantic Ocean, with the exception of the extreme north and northeast, whose rivers flow into Lake Chad. The largest river, the basin of which is entirely in Cameroon, is Sanaga. The rivers that originate on the northern slopes of the Adamav Mountains flow into Benue, which is the main tributary of the Niger. The rivers flowing to the southeast flow into the Sangu, belonging to the basin of the Congo.

The population of the Republic of Cameroon is 19,3 million (estimate for July 2010), the annual increase is 2,2%.