Honduras

The name of the country Honduras, at first glance, does not cause anything unusual. Honduras is located in Central America and occupies the northern part of the Central American isthmus. In the south, Honduras borders Nicaragua, in the west with Guatemala, in the south-west - with El Salvador; in the north and east it is washed by the Caribbean Sea. But...

The name of the country Honduras, at first glance, does not cause anything unusual

The historian Christopher Columbus Las Casas wrote that during his last trip an outstanding seafarer eventually reached the mainland of America. He landed on the shore and picked up the flag of Spain. At the same time, the heavily armed Spaniards almost drowned, as the shore itself was very deep. Therefore, Columbus named this area Onduras, that is, the country of the "Abyss". A slightly different name - Honduras - came to our times...

Now it is called the small country of Central America located here. After the discovery in 1502 of Honduras by Christopher Columbus, in 22 years the full-scale conquest of the country began. A squad of conquistadors sent in search of gold and silver by the conqueror of Mexico Cortes, established in Honduras in 1524 the power of the Spanish king. And only on September 15, 1821 Honduras proclaimed its independence from Spain.

Since ancient times, the territory of modern Honduras was inhabited by the Indian tribes of Lenka, Miskito-matagalpa, Otomimanga, Paya, Hikake, who lived in a primitive communal system. Their main occupations were slash-and-burn farming, hunting and fishing. In the 2nd century AD indians of the tribal group maya displaced local Indian tribes to less fertile mountain slopes. Unlike indigenous Indian tribes, the Maya had a written language, knew crafts, cultivated corn, created stone structures, built roads, had a strong and mobile army. On the territory of Honduras was one of the major centers of Mayan culture - the city of Copan.

The climate of the country is characterized as a tropical trade wind with sharp differences in the amount of precipitation on the windward (northern and eastern) and leeward slopes of the mountains. Seasonal temperature changes are insignificant. The average monthly temperatures in the lowlands are from +220 C to +260 C, on the highlands from +100 C to +220 C.

Throughout the country, Honduras is home to a large number of wild animals that have survived due to poor population. The tropical mountain climate here was not the best. In this country there are both ordinary for Central America, and rare species of animals: bears, different types of deer, monkeys, wild pigs and bakers, tapirs, badgers, coyotes, wolves, foxes, jaguars, cougars, lynxes, ocelots, rare black panthers and many other, smaller species of felines. The hot and humid lowlands of the Caribbean coast and the adjacent slopes of the mountains were previously covered with dense tropical rainforests, which are now partially destroyed. Above, in the mountains, where the temperature is lower, there are oak and pine forests. In arid interior regions, including the Tegucigalpa capital and the area to the south and east, the area is covered with grassy savannah and rare low-growing forests.

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