Types of computer tests

Many teachers have already gone through some euphoria when creating computer tests and realized that this is a very difficult matter. In accordance with the model of knowledge, the following types of computer tests: the knowledge, skills and skills. Note that the types of computer tests are determined by ways of unambiguous recognition of the response of the test person. There is a special testing theory that operates with concepts of reliability, validity, coverage matrix, etc., not specific, specifically for computer tests.

In accordance with the model of knowledge, the following types of computer tests: the knowledge, skills and skills. Note that the types of computer tests are determined by ways

  1. Types of computer tests on the "knowledge" block - alternative questions (require an answer yes - no);

    • questions with a choice (answer from a set of options);

    • questions of information on the knowledge of facts (where, when, how many);

    • questions on the knowledge of facts that have a formalized structure (in the form of an information model or knowledge schema);

    • questions on topics where there are single-valued common sign models: mathematical formulas, laws, predicate representations, tables;

    • questions, answers to which can be controlled by a set of keywords;

    • questions, answers to which can be recognized by any method unambiguously.

  2. Types of computer tests on the block "skills" (recognition of activities: manipulation of the keyboard, the final result):

    • tasks for standard algorithms (alternative yes-no, choice from a set of options);

    • doing the action.

  3. Types of computer tests on the "skills" block. The same as for skills, but they use non-standard algorithms and domain problems when controlling the time of their solution:

    • tasks for non-standard algorithms (alternative yes - no, choice from a set of options);

    • doing the action.

    The choice of types of computer tests is determined by:

    • features of the instrumental test programs (test shells);

    • features of the domain;

    • experience and skill of experts.

The stages of development of computer tests include two principal ways to control (test) a certain system: the "white box" method is the testing principle expert model of knowledge; method "black box" - testing some complex system by the principle of control of input and output data (most suitable for computer testing).

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