Electrophysical effect of gem stones per person

Since ancient times, the influence of precious and semiprecious stones on man has been known. They attributed magical properties, including the impact on health, mental, psychological and emotional state. There is a description of the influence of various stones on human diseases and the possibility of their cure [1]. The fact that minerals actually have medicinal properties is scientifically confirmed by experimental studies of various authors, including, for example, E. Gonikman and S. Blank [2].

One of the first sufficient technical and medical justifications for the use of minerals was the use of carnelian for human treatment

One of the first sufficient technical and medical justifications for the use of minerals was the use of carnelian for human treatment. Evgenia Ivanovna Badigina in the 30s of the 20th century for the first time established the effect of positive effects on the living cell and the organism as a whole of small doses of natural natural complex "radioactivity" [3] and during the war it succeeded in introducing "cardiac therapies" in hospitals. In patients, wounds healed faster, blood composition improved, body tone and appetite increased, sleep normalized. Despite the positive conclusion of such eminent scientists as academicians V. Vernadsky, P. Zelinsky, N. Burdenko on the effect of treatment, the method was recognized as "semi-Mazar" and in 1948 it was banned as unscientific. However, in may 1945, the Siemens company ordered a batch of devices for such treatment.

The device was an ordinary hairdresser's hair dryer, in which a cornelian ball was placed in the place where the air jet from the nozzle exited. The flow of warm air delivered to the sick person's place the natural emanation (radiation) of carnelian and, thus, contributed to rapid healing. With the advent of antibiotics about such a simple method of healing forgotten.

Carnelian is an orange-red variety of agate and is one of the popular gemstones of the chalcedony group - a cryptocrystalline variety of silica. Crystalline silicon dioxide, rock crystal or quartz are piezoelectrics. Piezoelectricity was known for a long time, but the official opening of the direct piezoelectric effect in 1880 was made to the brothers P. and J. Curie. When the piezoelectric material is exposed to a mechanical force, an electric voltage appears on the surfaces of the piezoelectric material plates. There is also a reverse piezoelectric effect, when a mechanical deformation occurs under the influence of an electric field.

Piezoelectric quartz is a strategic material that was closed since the 1960s, as it was used in quartz resonators, filters, delay lines, etc., products of a defensive and closed nature. Russian scientists and engineers have made a huge contribution to the development of piezoelectronics, including the development and production of synthetic piezoelectric materials such as quartz, Rochelle salt, lithium niobate and tantalate, piezoceramics, langasite, piezoelectric films and products from them [4-6].

Many piezoelectrics, including those listed, are also pyroelectrics. All pyroelectrics are piezoelectrics, but not vice versa. Pyroelectricity - the emergence of dissimilar electric charges on opposite surfaces of some dielectrics, like crystalline minerals, piezoceramics and some polymers, with heating or cooling [7]. The first microscopic theory of pyroelectricity was created by S.A. Boguslavsky in 1914 [8]. Later it was established that for ferroelectrics the value of the pyroelectric effect near the phase transition can be one or two orders of magnitude greater than that of crystalline pyroelectrics [9-10].

The pyroelectric effect equation describes the increment of the spontaneous polarization ΔPs of a crystal with a change in its temperature Δ. In the first approximation, the values of ΔPs and Δ are connected linearly:

ΔPs = pΔ,

where p is the pyroelectric coefficient.

The change in Ps with temperature can occur for two reasons. First of all, when the temperature changes, a free crystal changes its size due to the effect of thermal expansion: it narrows or expands. As a result, even if the crystal does not change its structure due to temperature changes, the spontaneous polarization of the crystal changes, since the number of charges per unit volume will change. Thus, in the pyroelectric effect, there must be an effect due to the deformation of the crystal. This part of the pyroelectric effect is treated as a piezoelectric effect. The deformation, piezoelectric part of the pyroelectric effect is called the secondary pyroelectric effect. Its coefficient is usually denoted as p", and the primary, true pyroelectric effect is described by the coefficient p' .In linear pyroelectrics, such as tourmaline or lithium sulphate, the true pyroelectric effect is usually small and is 2-5% of the total effect. [9] But in other piezoelectric crystals and ferroelectrics, the primary pyroelectric effect can reach 10% [10].

The equation of pyroeffect taking into account its division into primary and secondary has the form:

Ps = (p' + p")Δ = pΔ

All quantities, except the absolute temperature T, are vectors, i.e. vary with the crystallographic orientation of the crystal. In the region of room temperature in linear dielectrics, the pyroelectric coefficient p, as a rule, depends little on temperature. The absolute value of p is close to one electrostatic unit.

Crystalline quartz is not a pyroelectric, but the electric field is induced by free expansion of the crystal due to thermal expansion through the piezoelectric effect [11].

The electric voltage U, which appears on a plate of triglycine sulfate (TGS) crystal with the area S = 10x10 mm2 and thickness d = 1mm cut out perpendicular to the polar axis, with a sharp change in its temperature by pΔ = 10 (pyroelectric constant TGS pσ=45,0 nC/m2, the dielectric constant is 30 [11]) can be calculated by the formula:

U = 0,1(m)*45*109(C/m2)*10()/30*8,85*10-14(F/m)

Similarly, the calculation for tourmaline (ε = 8,2, = 1,3*10-5 (C/m2) ) gives U = 1.7 kV, and for quartz (a plate cut perpendicular to the optical axis, ε = 4,0 = 0,69*10-5 nC/m2) U = 0.19 kV.

For convenience, data on various minerals are summarized in the table:

Mineral Dielectric constant, ε Pyrocoefficient , /2 Electrical voltage,kV
Quartz, SiO2* 4,0 *0,69*10-9 0,19
Tourmaline, (BO3)3(Si6O18)*(OH)4 8,2 1,3*10-9 1,7
TGS, (NH2CH2COOH)*H2SO4 30,0 45*10-9 17
Lithium niobate, LiNbO3 30,0 (4-9)*10-9 1,5-3,0
Lithium tantalum, LiTaO3 45,0 17*10-9 6,4
Piezoceramics of the PTC system 300-3000 (6-50)*10-9 0,2-0,1

*In quartz, the secondary pyroelectric effect described by p" arises when the crystal is free deformed, it is induced by thermal expansion through the piezoelectric effect [11].

In the table, calculated data for two synthetic crystals - lithium niobate and lithium tantalate, and piezoceramics of the TSS system were added for comparison.

The calculations given in the table above are performed for a plate with a thickness of 1 mm and a size 1x1 cm2. Real minerals used as jewelry, ornamental stones and ornaments, have different sizes and shapes. Therefore, it is difficult to predict: large or small values of the electromagnetic field affect a person or individual organs and parts of the body. According to the studies of E.E. Godika of influence can be any magnitude of the electromagnetic field in the entire range of emissions. Some authors note that carnelian and other similar minerals have weak radioactivity [3]. In the light of the foregoing, it is easy to understand that this is not nuclear radioactivity, by which is meant the radiation of the nuclei of radioactive elements (alpha, beta, gamma radiation), but the "radiation" of the atoms of piezo-pyromaterials, as a result of which electric charges appear on their surfaces. Let us recall the flint, which in the old days, striking flint on flint (quartz on quartz), knocked out a miniature lightning-spark and lit a tinder from which a fire was lit or a pipe with tobacco was lit.

In the above-mentioned book E. Gonikman and S. Blank [2] described the investigation of the influence of the Kirlian effect [13] on the human body and on certain diseases and the influence of minerals on the glow of some parts of the human body.

The photo shows the high-frequency radiation of a person's finger

The photo shows the high-frequency radiation of a person's finger. This is the aura, or biofield of the human finger. Under the influence of the electric field of the piezo-pyroelectric material, this aura changes. Hence the wonderful healing properties of minerals. Although there was a negative impact of some minerals that "took" the energy of the biofield.

The therapeutic effect of healers can be described as follows. When wearing a bracelet, pendant, necklace and other similar items made of piezoelectric stones, heating them with a human body causes the appearance of an electric field on the surface of the stone. A friction of the stones on the human skin is also caused by a miniature piezoelectric effect.

Scientific study of the radiation of the human body at the Institute of IRE Academy under the guidance of Academician Yu.V. Gulyaev, in the laboratory of E.E. Godika, started after researching the biofields of Juna Davitashvili, opened an inexhaustible world of biofields - the radiation of the human body in all areas from infrared (thermal) to microwave (13).

Crystal forms of quartz and other minerals also have a piezocaloric effect, magnetoelectric, electrocaloric, and magnetocaloric effects

Crystal forms of quartz and other minerals also have a piezocaloric effect, magnetoelectric, electrocaloric, and magnetocaloric effects. Some minerals, with their friction, scratching, can glow bright yellow (for pink or dairy quartz, as well as amethyst). Some chalcedony can glow dimly with a reddish-brown light. When splitting, quartz can glow green. This effect is called triboluminescence or piezo-optical effect [14].

Thus, the diverse world of minerals contains many more mysteries and discoveries. And the explanation of the healing properties of these stones can not be limited only by electrophysical properties, but also by many others.

The author of the article: V.A. Mostjaev,

Ph.D., NPP "Quartz",

Moscow

  1. Yu.Yu. Lipovsky. Dictionary-reference of medicinal properties of minerals. SPb .: Dilya, 2003.
  2. E. Gonikman, S. Blank. The healing properties of minerals in the light of the Kirlian effect. - Minsk, New York: Santana, 2000.
  3. E.I. Badigina. Carnelian treatment. 1935. The book was not published.
  4. AG. Smagin. Precision quartz resonators. Moscow: Izd-vo Gos. Com. Standards, 1964.
  5. M.I. Yaroslavsky, A.G. Smagin. Design, manufacture and application of quartz resonators. M .: Energia, 1971
  6. VA. Mostjaev, P.G. Pozdnyakov. Russian piezo-acoustoelectronics. M .: Radio Engineering, 2008.
  7. BA. Strukov. Pyroelectric materials: properties and applications. - Moscow: Izd-vo MGU, 1998.
  8. S.A. Boguslavsky. Kinetic theory of insulators. Dependence of the dielectric constant on temperature. Pyroelectricity // Journal of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society. Physical department. - 1914. - Vol. 46, no. 2. - pp. 81-95.
  9. W. Cady. Piezoelectricity and its application. Moscow: Izd. Inostr.Lit., 1949.
  10. U.P. Mason. Piezoelectric crystals and applications in ultra-acoustics. Moscow: Izd. Inostr. Lit., 1952.
  11. A.A. Bush. Pyroelectric effect and its application. M. 2005 MIRREA.
  12. V.H. Kirlian, S.D. Kirlian. In a world of wonderful ranks. M .: Knowledge, 1964.
  13. EE. Year. Riddles of psychics. .: Science, 2010.
  14. M.O. Donoh. Quartz. M .: Mir, 1990.

Tools