Tibetan medicine

Tibetan medicine is one of the most interesting and least studied systems of treatment, Indo-Tibetan, or, as it is commonly called, Tibetan medicine. It was formed in the 13th century on the basis of the Indian principles of healing. The first Tibetan works were translations from Sanskrit, and Tibetan medicine llamas used imported Indian raw materials. But it began to be missed, and doctors began to look for substitutes in their own flora. So gradually Tibetan medicine has acquired independence. In the 11th century, Yutkoboy Jr., a doctor, revised the Indian medical book "Yajur-Veda", taking into account the conditions of Tibet. This treatise "Chzhud-shi" - the basic fundamental guide to medicine consists of four volumes and contains 14 thousand poetic lines. The name "Zhud-shi" in translation means "secret eight-membered doctrine".

Tibetan medicine is one of the most interesting and least studied systems of treatment, Indo-Tibetan, or, as it is commonly called, Tibetan medicine

Tibetan medicine treats diseases with natural substances distinguishes eight classes of medicinal products: obtained from jewelry, from stones, from the ground; from trees, from grasses, from animals; medicines from juices and decoctions. In the 13th century, the Mongolian prince Godon invited him to treat a Tibetan doctor, and he managed to heal the prince. Thus, according to legend, Tibetan medicine penetrated Mongolia. Lamas made practical manuals for doctors, dictionaries of medical terms, zhiory - prescription directories in which they described the medicinal plants of Mongolia.

In the 17th century, Tibetan medicine for the treatment of diseases spread in Transbaikalia. The Buryat lamas themselves did not write theoretical works, but they also formed the zhores, united in later times into the manuals "Man-zhor." Even in the Middle Ages, Tibetan medicine interested the Europeans. In 1325, the French monk Odoric de Pardenone traveled in Tibet. In a short description of his wanderings, there is a mention of the original medical system, but almost no information about the methods of Tibetan healers. For the first time, a doctor, Saunders, who visited Tibet in 1783 with an expedition from the British Embassy, described in detail the diet, the system of treatment of water procedures and herbs. He brought to Europe seventy samples of medicinal raw materials. Scientifically studied Tibetan medicine began relatively recently - in the 19th century.

Life in Tibetan medicine is defined as "pulsation", and health and illnesses are deemed to depend on "pulsating" entities - "wind", "bile", "slime".

Of great importance is the Tibetan medicine that imparts to the body clean air and sun rays, dietetics. The therapy was based on the use of natural products of plant and animal origin (up to 1000 names of medicines): "There is no such substance in nature that would not be suitable as a medicine". The doctrine of medicines is divided into separate disciplines: the taste of medicines, their assimilation by the body, their action, the principle of their preparation.

Currently, traditional Tibetan medicine continues to be used in Tibet, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Russia (Siberia), China and Mongolia. In addition, in recent decades it has gained some popularity also in Europe, North America and other regions.

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