Finding Eldorado

Another abode of sages who own countless treasures is called Eldorado. This name comes from the Spanish El-dorado - "golden country". This is the name of the mythical area, teeming with gold and precious stones, "where these treasures are as common as we have an ordinary cobblestone". The appearance of the legend about this country is associated with the discovery of America. Apparently, the first travelers to think about it were prompted by the stories of the natives. The Tupinamba Indians called Eldorado "a land without disasters" and believed that it was located somewhere along the Meta River in Colombia. Orellano, one of Pizarro's associates, decorated the Indian fairy tale with the colors of his own imagination and spread it in Europe.

Another abode of sages who own countless treasures is called Eldorado

The country of Eldorado, he said, should be located between the Amazon and Orinoco rivers, in Guiana. The Spaniard Martinez went further: he informed the whole of Europe about his seven-month stay in the capital of El Dorado - the city of Manoa, where King Moaso reigns, and described in detail the structure of the royal palace, the magnificence of which surpasses any likelihood. King Moaso himself, according to his testimony, covers himself with gilding every morning, and before going to bed he washes it off. All these stories so fired the imaginations and greed of adventurers in Europe that for almost 250 years, efforts to find El Dorado continued.

At the end of 1535, in search of the legendary land, where, as the Spaniards believed, gold was everywhere, a detachment headed by Sebastian de Balalcazar went. On the way, he met with two more expeditions, searching for El Dorado for five years. After consulting among themselves, the conquistadors decided that it was useless to look for gold in Southern Colombia. Fifty years after these events, researchers received an important message that Manoa is nothing more than an ancient Indian city off the shores of the large Lake Parima, southeast of Orinoco. Armed with this information, the English adventurer Walter Raleigh went on ships to the mouth of the Orinoco. After several years of wandering, he returned to England and wrote the book "Discovery of the Vast, Rich and Beautiful Empire of Guiana", which became the first classic work on El Dorado-Manoa.

But, obviously, Raleigh overdid it a little, painting bizarre rituals of an erotic sense and the life of tribes of people without a head, since they did not believe him. Only in 1616 did Raleigh manage to convince James I to send another expedition in search of Eldorado. The king gave the adventurer a fleet and blessed the venture. When the New World was already close, the navigator suddenly fell ill with tropical fever, later lost half of his crew in a battle with the Spaniards, and finally turned back. He was not forgiven for such an inglorious return - he was accused of high treason and beheaded. The city of Eldorado-Manoa was listed on geographical maps until the 19th century, until Alexander Humboldt explored the entire Orinoco River basin and announced that there were no lakes in that area, especially large ones. However, the search for El Dorado in the wild jungle of Mato Grosso and along the "Inca Trail" leading from Peru to the "Amazon River" can still be heard today. As well as about other wonderful lands that still attract researchers.

The last attempt to find Eldorado was made in 1775-1780 Nicola Rodriguez. The search for the legendary country yielded very valuable geographic and ethnographic results.