Coliseum

Late Roman writers, a structure that is now referred to as the Coliseum (from the Latin "colossium" - grandiose), was called the "amphitheater of Flavia". The original Coliseum is a colossal capital stadium for gladiators and equestrian games, they say, is located elsewhere in the city. Italian archaeologists have doubted this statement for more than two centuries, for they never met the traces of a construction more grandiose than the present Coliseum in the ancient land of Rome. And yet the ancient writers were right. Geophysical instruments under a six-meter layer of strata in the late 80's found oval stands and treadmills. The excavations themselves are impossible, because over the truly ancient Coliseum are residential quarters, asphalted avenues and factories of light industry.

The original Coliseum is a colossal capital stadium for gladiators and equestrian games, they say, is located elsewhere in the city

Construction of the largest amphitheater in the entire ancient world, with a capacity of more than 50 thousand people, was conducted for eight years, as a collective construction of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty. It began to be built in 72 AD under the emperor Vespasian, and in 80 AD the amphitheater was consecrated by Emperor Titus. The amphitheater was located on the spot where there was a pond, which belonged to the Golden House of Nero. It can even be said that the history of the Coliseum dates back to the year 68, when the betrayal of the Praetorian Guard and the condemnation of the Senate forced Nero, after fourteen years of despotic government rule, to commit suicide in a country villa near Rome.

But why the name of the Coliseum attached to the "amphitheater of Flavia"! In the Middle Ages, when the zealots of the Catholic faith began to disassemble the pagan amphitheater stones in their palaces, documents appeared that showed that a giant 20-meter figure of the emperor Nero, once called the Romans "colossum," was once standing nearby. This sculptural ear was not preserved: it was destroyed during one of the plunder of Rome by the Germanic tribes. Since then, the ancient amphitheater of the Coliseum has become so called, that is, colossal. It would be more correct to call it the "amphitheater of the former colossum".

For a long time, the Coliseum was for residents of Rome and visitors the main place of entertainment, such as gladiator fights, bestial baiting. The invasions of the barbarians led the Flavian Amphitheater - the Coliseum to desolation and laid the foundation for its destruction. From the 11th century until 1132, it was a fortress for the noble Roman clans that contested each other's influence and power over their fellow citizens. In 1349, a powerful earthquake in Rome caused the collapse of the Coliseum, in particular, its southern part. After that, they began to look at him as a source of obtaining building material, and not only the fallen stones, but also the stones that had been knocked out of him, began to go to new structures. Nowadays the Coliseum has become a symbol of Rome and one of the most popular tourist sites.

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